Cambridge Encyclopedia » Cambridge Encyclopedia Vol. 45

leishmaniasis - Geography and epidemiology, Life cycle, Signs and symptoms, Treatment, Leishmaniosis as part of the CVBDs


A group of conditions caused by the protozoan Leishmania, conveyed by sandflies, occurring on the Mediterranean shores, Africa, and S Asia; also known as kala-azar. The skin form of the disease occurs as pimples (papules) at the site of the bite, which enlarge and ulcerate. The visceral form is a generalized febrile disease affecting the liver, spleen, and lymph nodes.

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