Cambridge Encyclopedia » Cambridge Encyclopedia Vol. 45

Leeds - History, Industry and economy, Development, Areas of the City, Tourism, Culture, People from Leeds

university centre aire hall

53°50N 1°35W, urban area pop (2001e) 715 400. City in West Yorkshire, N England, UK; on the R Aire, 315 km/196 mi NW of London; ford across the R Aire in Roman times; in the 18th-c became an important centre of cloth manufacture; birthplace of Lord Darnley (Temple Newsam); incorporated by Charles I in 1626; canals link to Liverpool, Goole; railway (important early freight and passenger centre); university (1904); Leeds Metropolitan University (1992, formerly Leeds Polytechnic); textiles, clothing, leather, chemicals, furniture, plastics, paper, electrical equipment; Civic Hall (1933), Town Hall (1858), art gallery, Churches of St John (1634) and St Peter (1841), Kirkstall Abbey (1147); Leeds Music Festival (every 3 years, Apr); International Pianoforte Competition (every 3 years, Sep); film festival; football league team, Leeds United (Peacocks).

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