Cambridge Encyclopedia » Cambridge Encyclopedia Vol. 45

learning - Learning - Neuroscience, Basic learning processes, Learning methods, Learning which alternative methods exist

individual acquisition behavioural

The acquisition of knowledge and/or behavioural tendencies as a result of specific experiences in an individual's life. It is distinguished from behavioural changes due to motivation (an individual's varying physiological state, needs, desires) or maturation (the growth and development of body structures and functions, such as the appearance of sexual responsiveness at puberty). Imprinting, habituation, and conditioning are examples of very general widespread types of learning. Psychological learning theories aim to discover the general laws and properties of such simple, universal processes. Some cases of learning, however, are thought to involve more unusual special-purpose systems, such as song-learning by many birds, and language acquisition by children.

User Comments

Your email address will be altered so spam harvesting bots can't read it easily.
Hide my email completely instead?

Cancel or