Cambridge Encyclopedia » Cambridge Encyclopedia Vol. 45

Lazare (Nicolas Marguerite) Carnot - Life, Famous offspring


French statesman, known as ‘the organizer of victory’ during the Revolutionary Wars, born in Nolay, E France. He entered the army as an engineer, and became a member of the Legislative Assembly (1791). He survived the Terror, and became one of the Directors (1795), but in 1797, suspected of Royalist sympathies, he escaped to Germany. Back in Paris, he became minister of war (1800), and helped to organize the Italian and Rhenish campaigns. He commanded at Antwerp in 1814, and during the Hundred Days was minister of the interior.

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