Cambridge Encyclopedia » Cambridge Encyclopedia Vol. 45

Lawrence (Monsanto) Ferlinghetti - Biography, Bibliography, Discography, Further reading

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Poet, born in New York City, USA. He studied at the universities of North Carolina, Columbia, and the Sorbonne (1948–51), then settled in San Francisco. He taught French (1951–3), and was a founder of City Lights (1952), a bookstore and publishing house. Regarded as a founder of the Beat poetry movement, as seen in A Coney Island of the Mind (1958), he was also a playwright and novelist. Later books of poetry include Open Eye, Open Heart (1973), The Populist Manifestos (1981), and A Far Rockaway of the Heart (1997). In 2003 he received the Frost Medal, awarded annually by the Poetry Society of America for distinguished lifetime service to American poetry.

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