Cambridge Encyclopedia » Cambridge Encyclopedia Vol. 45

Laurens Pieter van de Spiegel

orange netherlands

Dutch statesman, born in Middelburg, SW Netherlands. He became Grand Pensionary of Zeeland in 1785 and of Holland (1787–95). A supporter of the House of Orange, he consistently opposed the French and arranged alliances with England and Prussia. The spy Etta Palm kept him provided with information on France during 1788–92. He remained in The Netherlands when the Stadtholder and his family left in 1795, but was imprisoned. Released in 1798, he went to Germany for discussions with the hereditary Prince of Orange and to consider changes to the Constitution.

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