Cambridge Encyclopedia » Cambridge Encyclopedia Vol. 5

anchor - Development, Designs of temporary anchors, Designs of permanent anchors, Anchoring techniques

shank flukes stockless usually

A device which prevents a vessel from drifting. The flukes or arms of an anchor dig into the seabed, thus resisting a horizontal pull; it is made fast to the ship by a heavy cable, usually of studded chain. There are two basic types: the old-fashioned anchor with a stock, usually depicted on badges and flags; and the modern, more common, stockless anchor. The stockless anchor consists of a shank and a crown, which are free to move in relation to each other, so that when in use the flukes will adopt an angle of about 45° to the shank. When stowed, the flukes are parallel to the shank.

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