Cambridge Encyclopedia » Cambridge Encyclopedia Vol. 5

Anaximander - Cosmology and the apeiron, Interpretations, Known Works

Greek philosopher, born in Miletus, the successor and perhaps pupil of Thales. He posited that the first principle was not a particular substance like water or air but the apeiron, the infinite or indefinite. He is credited with producing the first map, and with many imaginative scientific speculations, for example that the Earth is unsupported and at the centre of the universe.

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