Cambridge Encyclopedia » Cambridge Encyclopedia Vol. 5

Anaxagoras - Biography, Cosmological theory, Theism and atheism, References and further reading

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Greek philosopher, born in Clazomenae. For 30 years he taught in Athens, where he had many illustrious pupils, among them Pericles and Euripides. His scientific speculations led to his prosecution for impiety, and he was banished from Athens. His most celebrated cosmological doctrine was that matter is infinitely divisible into particles, which contain a mixture of all qualities, and that mind (nous) is a pervasive formative agency in the creation of material objects.

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