Cambridge Encyclopedia » Cambridge Encyclopedia Vol. 5

anatomy - Animal anatomy, Human anatomy

structure study function concerned

The science concerned with the form, structure, and spatial relationships of a living organism, and the relation of structure to function. It originally referred to the cutting up of the body to determine the nature and organization of its parts, but nowadays it includes many other aspects of study. Topographic or gross anatomy deals with the relative positions of various body parts. Systemic anatomy is concerned with the study of groups of related structures (eg the respiratory system). Applied anatomy considers anatomical facts in relation to clinical medicine. Functional anatomy deals not only with the structural basis of function in the various systems (eg the musculo-skeletal system), but also with the relation of one system to another, and so merges with physiology. Developmental anatomy is concerned with the prenatal organization and structural changes within the embryo and fetus (embryology), and with postnatal growth and development. Morbid or pathological anatomy deals with the anatomy of diseased tissues. Radiological anatomy is the study of organs and tissues using radiographic techniques (X-rays, computer-assisted tomography, magnetic resonance imaging). Neuroanatomy is the study of the structure and function of nervous systems (central, peripheral, autonomic). Comparative anatomy describes and compares the form, structure, and function of different animals. Veterinary anatomy is the science dealing with the form and structure of the principal domesticated animals. Anatomical science also involves histology, the study of the architecture of tissues and organs, and cell biology, concerned with the basic elements of the cell.

User Comments

Your email address will be altered so spam harvesting bots can't read it easily.
Hide my email completely instead?

Cancel or