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An Lushan

emperor xuanzong yang dynasty

Chinese general under the Tang dynasty in China (618–907), of Turkish origin. He overthrew the crown, and established the short-lived Yan dynasty (755–7). He was patronized by Yang Guifei, mistress to Emperor Xuanzong (ruled 712–55), who adopted him as her son. Controlling 160 000 troops as commandant of three NE regions, he revolted in 755, capturing Luoyang and Changan (Xian). The emperor fled and Yang was executed. An Lushan made himself emperor on Xuanzong's abdication (755), but was murdered by his own son (757).

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