Cambridge Encyclopedia » Cambridge Encyclopedia Vol. 5

amyl - Biochemistry, Chemistry, Slang

fraction

CH3CH2CH2CH2CH2–, IUPAC pentyl. A group derived from pentane by removing one hydrogen atom. Amyl alcohol is a fraction of fusel oil, boiling point c.130°C, a mixture of several isomers of C5H11OH. Amylose is a low molecular weight fraction of starch. Amyloid is a combination of protein and polysaccharides deposited as a fibrous substance in some animal organs affected by certain diseases (eg kuru).

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