Cambridge Encyclopedia » Cambridge Encyclopedia Vol. 5

amputation - Types, Self-amputation, After-effects

body disease

The surgical removal of a part of the body because of disease or injury. The operation is carried out when the affected part has been irreparably damaged and is no longer functional, or when there is a risk of the disease (particularly infection) spreading to the rest of the body. Diabetic complications are a common reason for amputations of fingers and toes and even whole limbs. It is sometimes possible to replace the removed part with a prosthesis, such as an artificial leg.

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