Cambridge Encyclopedia » Cambridge Encyclopedia Vol. 5

Amnesty International - Rationale, Early history: 1961-1979 and origins, Recent history: 1980-2005, Work

rights countries human

A human rights organization founded in London in 1961 largely by the efforts of Peter Benenson (1921–2005), a Catholic lawyer. It is based in the UK, but there are several groups in other, mainly industrialized, countries. The fundamental concern of Amnesty is to seek the immediate and unconditional release of prisoners of conscience, as long as they have not advocated violence. It also campaigns against torture and the death penalty, and tries to produce independent, authoritative reports on countries' abuses of human rights.

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