Cambridge Encyclopedia » Cambridge Encyclopedia Vol. 5

amnesia - Types of amnesia, Amnesia in fiction

memory term event remember

Memory disability, often associated with brain damage or a traumatic event. Retrograde amnesia is the inability to remember material learned before the precipitating event. Anterograde amnesia is difficulty in learning new material. The most common form of amnesia is one in which short-term memory is adequate, long-term episodic memory (the ability to remember specific past events) is poor, and long-term semantic memory (memory for facts, such as word meanings) is relatively intact.

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