Cambridge Encyclopedia » Cambridge Encyclopedia Vol. 5

Amedeo Modigliani - Early life, Art student years, Paris, Experiments with sculpture, The war years, Jeanne Hébuterne, Nice, Death

sculptor elongated style

Painter and sculptor of the modern school of Paris, born in Livorno, W Italy. His early work was influenced by the painters of the Italian Renaissance, and in Paris by Toulouse-Lautrec and the Fauves. In 1909, encouraged by the Rumanian sculptor Brancusi, he produced a number of elongated stone heads in African style. He continued to use this style when he resumed painting, with a series of richly coloured, elongated portraits. In 1918 in Paris he opened his first one-man show, which included some very frank nudes, and the exhibition was closed for indecency on the first day. His health was delicate, and his life was marred by poverty, drink, and drug addiction. It was only after his death that he obtained recognition, and the prices of his paintings soared.

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